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Lanzarote

 

Lanzarote facts and figures

In the year of 2016, a total of 200.850 people lived on Lanzarote.

The island government (Cabildo Insular) is based in the capital, Arrecife, which has a population of 57.357. The majority of the inhabitants of Lanzarote (73.9%) are Spanish, with a sizeable number of residents from other European nations, mainly British (4.0%), Germans (2.6%) and Irish (2.5%).

Lanzarote Geografic

Lanzarote, is the easternmost of the autonomous Canary Islands ( Spain ). Situated in the Atlantic Ocean and approximately 125km from the coast of Africa . Covering 845.9 km2, it is the fourth largest of the Canary Islands.

The first recorded name for the island, given by Angelino Dulcert, was Insula de Lanzarotus Marocelus, after the Genoese navigator Lancelotto Malocello, from which the modern name is derived. The island's name in the native language was Titerro(y)gatra, which may mean "the red mountains".

Lanzarote in history

Lanzarote is of volcanic origin. The island was created about 35 million years ago by the Canary hotspot. Alfred Wegener arrived in 1912 and studied the island and showed how it fitted in with his theory of continental drift. The island along with others was created after the breakup of the African and the American continental plates.

From 1730 to 1736 (for 2,053 days), the island was hit by a series of volcanic eruptions, creating 32 new volcanoes in a stretch of 18 km. The minister of Yaiza Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo documented the eruption in detail until 1731. Lava covered a quarter of the island's surface, including the most fertile soil and eleven villages. One hundred smaller volcanoes were located in the area called Montañas del Fuego.

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